Six online tutorials think critically facione argument mapping, a core requirement for advanced critical thinking.
The Skeptic’s Dictionary — over 400 definitions and essays. The Fallacy Files by Gary Curtis. Excellent reading — news, articles, and much more. Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts by Peter Facione.
Good overview of the nature of critical thinking. Of the Liberty of Thought and Discussion by John Stuart Mill. Classic chapter, densely packed with wisdom about thinking. Psychology of Intelligence Analysis, by Richards Heuer.
A good overview of how to improve thinking in the light of insights from cognitive psychology. A shorter version is the art of being right. Or, more prosaically: critical thinking is the skillful application of a repertoire of validated general techniques for deciding the level of confidence you should have in a proposition in the light of the available evidence. Sure, you use the Internet all the time, but you need to wise up to the web when you use it for your university or college work.
New Zealand-based online store selling thinking skills resources of various kinds. Our aim is to promote critical thinking from primary to post-secondary education through professional development, publications and research. A resource site for teachers of philosophy and critical thinking, particularly in the secondary school context. Critical verbiage from Tim van Gelder». A Google group for discussion of issues relating to the Rationale argument mapping software.
It would be the closest thing to a how-to-think Bible in business and management consulting circles. Our podcast is here to bring you relevant, under reported current events, as well as in-depth discussions from a scientific, critical, skeptical, and humorous point of view. Classic essay about how exaggerated numbers get «made up» and then circulated, and how people fail to ask what they evidence is for them, or whether they are reasonable. Speaking Validity to Power: A Logical Analysis of Political Media». Regular doses of logical dissection of political rhetoric. Best Practices for Understanding Quantitative Data by Think critically facione G.
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Adapted from Koomey’s excellent book Turning Numbers into Knowledge. When dealing with quantitative data, business analysts must be skeptical, think critically, and assume nothing. Regular postings based on fallacies covered in our book Humbug! Using a seamless combination of both passion and restraint, we expose erroneous thinking with irony, whimsy, sarcasm, satire, caricature, «distortature» and occasional breathtaking hypocrisy. No poppy is too short to be lopped.
Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. In informal logic and philosophy, an argument map or argument diagram is a visual representation of the structure of an argument. Argument maps are commonly used in the context of teaching and applying critical thinking. The purpose of mapping is to uncover the logical structure of arguments, identify unstated assumptions, evaluate the support an argument offers for a conclusion, and aid understanding of debates. A number of different kinds of argument map have been proposed but the most common, which Chris Reed and Glenn Rowe called the standard diagram, consists of a tree structure with each of the reasons leading to the conclusion. According to Doug Walton and colleagues, an argument map has two basic components: «One component is a set of circled numbers arrayed as points. The other component is a set of lines or arrows joining the points.
Dependent premises or co-premises, where at least one of the joined premises requires another premise before it can give support to the conclusion: An argument with this structure has been called a linked argument. Independent premises, where the premise can support the conclusion on its own: Although independent premises may jointly make the conclusion more convincing, this is to be distinguished from situations where a premise gives no support unless it is joined to another premise. Where several premises or groups of premises lead to a final conclusion the argument might be described as convergent. Intermediate conclusions or sub-conclusions, where a claim is supported by another claim that is used in turn to support some further claim, i. In the following diagram, statement 4 is an intermediate conclusion in that it is a conclusion in relation to statement 5 but is a premise in relation to the final conclusion, i. Each of these structures can be represented by the equivalent «box and line» approach to argument maps. In the following diagram, the contention is shown at the top, and the boxes linked to it represent supporting reasons, which comprise one or more premises.
Argument maps can also represent counterarguments. A written text can be transformed into an argument map by following a sequence of steps. Separate statements by brackets and number them. Put circles around the logical indicators. Supply, in parenthesis, any logical indicators that are left out. Set out the statements in a diagram in which arrows show the relationships between statements.
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In summary, most CFOs say that tax considerations matter but working thesis are not the dominant factor in their decisions about whether to increase dividends or choose dividends over share repurchases.