Although the Nobel Prize in Literature has become the previous literature’s most prestigious literature prize, the Swedish Academy has attracted significant criticism for its handling of the award.
Many authors who have won the prize have fallen into obscurity, while others rejected by the jury remain widely studied and read. Nobel’s «vague» wording for the criteria for the prize has led to recurrent controversy. In the original Swedish, the word idealisk translates as «ideal». The Nobel Committee’s interpretation has varied over the years. Nobel Prize in Literature, «in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect.
The members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee that were to award the Peace Prize were appointed shortly after the will was approved. The prize-awarding organisations followed: the Karolinska Institutet on 7 June, the Swedish Academy on 9 June, and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on 11 June. Each year, the Swedish Academy sends out requests for nominations of candidates for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Members of the Academy, members of literature academies and societies, professors of literature and language, former Nobel literature laureates, and the presidents of writers’ organizations are all allowed to nominate a candidate. Thousands of requests are sent out each year, and as of 2011 about 220 proposals are returned.
The award is usually announced in October. Sometimes, however, the award has been announced the year after the nominal year, the latest being the 2018 award. In the midst of controversy surrounding claims of sexual assault, conflict of interest, and resignations previous literature officials, on 4 May 2018, the Swedish Academy announced that the 2018 laureate would be announced in 2019 along with the 2019 laureate. A Literature Nobel Prize laureate earns a gold medal, a diploma bearing a citation, and a sum of money. The amount of money awarded depends on the income of the Nobel Foundation that year.
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The Nobel Prize medals, minted by Myntverket in Sweden and the Mint of Norway since 1902, are registered trademarks of the Nobel Foundation. Nobel laureates receive a Diploma directly from the King of Sweden. Each Diploma is uniquely designed by the prize-awarding institutions for the laureate that receives it. The Diploma contains a picture and text that states the name of the laureate and normally a citation of why they received the prize. For a more comprehensive list, see List of Nobel laureates in Literature. Potential recipients of the Nobel Prize in Literature are difficult to predict as nominations are kept secret for fifty years until they are publicly available at The Nomination Database for the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Currently, only nominations submitted between 1901 and 1968 are available for public viewing. This secrecy has led to speculation about the next Nobel laureate. What about the rumours circling around the world about certain people being nominated for the Nobel Prize this year? Well, either it’s just a rumour, or someone among the invited nominators has leaked information.
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