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Follow the link for more information. Jump to navigation Jump to search «Henry VIII» redirects here. Workshop of Hans Holbein the Younger — Portrait of Henry VIII — Google Art Project. King of England from 1509 until his death. Henry was the second Tudor monarch, succeeding his father, Henry VII. Domestically, Henry is known for his radical changes to the English Constitution, ushering into England the theory of the divine right of kings. Besides asserting the sovereign’s supremacy over the Church of England, he greatly expanded royal power during his reign.
He was an extravagant spender and used the proceeds from the Dissolution of the Monasteries and acts of the Reformation Parliament to convert into royal revenue the money that was formerly paid to Rome. His contemporaries considered Henry in his prime to be an attractive, educated and accomplished king. He has been described as «one of the most charismatic rulers to sit on the English throne». He was an author and composer. As he aged, Henry became severely obese and his health suffered, contributing to his death in 1547. Born 28 June 1491 at the Palace of Placentia in Greenwich, Kent, Henry Tudor was the third child and second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York.
In 1502, Arthur died at the age of 15, possibly of sweating sickness, just 20 weeks after his marriage A biography and life work of henry iv of england Catherine. Arthur’s death thrust all his duties upon his younger brother, the 10-year-old Henry. Henry VII renewed his efforts to seal a marital alliance between England and Spain, by offering his second son in marriage to Arthur’s widow Catherine. Both Isabella and Henry VII were keen on the idea, which had arisen very shortly after Arthur’s death. Henry VII died on 21 April 1509, and the 17-year-old Henry succeeded him as king. Soon after his father’s burial on 10 May, Henry suddenly declared that he would indeed marry Catherine, leaving unresolved several issues concerning the papal dispensation and a missing part of the marriage portion. Two days after his coronation, Henry arrested his father’s two most unpopular ministers, Sir Richard Empson and Edmund Dudley.
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They were charged with high treason and were executed in 1510. Politically-motivated executions would remain one of Henry’s primary tactics for dealing with those who stood in his way. Soon after, Catherine conceived, but the child, a girl, was stillborn on 31 January 1510. About four months later, Catherine again became pregnant. Although Henry’s marriage to Catherine has since been described as «unusually good», it is known that Henry took mistresses.
In 1510, France, with a fragile alliance with the Holy Roman Empire in the League of Cambrai, was winning a war against Venice. Henry renewed his father’s friendship with Louis XII of France, an issue that divided his council. Tournai, a more significant settlement, followed. Charles V ascended the thrones of both Spain and the Holy Roman Empire following the deaths of his grandfathers, Ferdinand in 1516 and Maximilian in 1519.
During his first marriage to Catherine of Aragon, Henry conducted an affair with Mary Boleyn, Catherine’s lady-in-waiting. Henry’s precise motivations and intentions over the coming years are not widely agreed on. Other missions concentrated on arranging an ecclesiastical court to meet in England, with a representative from Clement VII. Though Clement agreed to the creation of such a court, he never had any intention of empowering his legate, Lorenzo Campeggio, to decide in Henry’s favour. A year later, Catherine was banished from court, and her rooms were given to Anne. Anne was an unusually educated and intellectual woman for her time, and was keenly absorbed and engaged with the ideas of the Protestant Reformers, though the extent to which she herself was a committed Protestant is much debated.
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Studied at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, where he obtained doctorates in theology and writing reviews law.
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